Saturday, January 30, 2010

One day missed

Tomorrow is the deadline to submit individual or joint emission reduction target as required in the Copenhagen Accord.
So far, only China, India, Japan, Australia, Brasil, South Africa, EU and US have made it...
But it is only a "soft" deadline as defined by United Nations climate chief Yvo De Boer.

Monday, January 11, 2010

How far is the Kyoto Protocol?

While the debate on future emission targets dominates the international political scene, it might be interesting to see the current emission trends of the UNFCCC Annex I Parties.
On the UNFCCC web site are available the greenhouse gas emissions inventories for 1990 to 2007, that Parties included in Annex I are required to submit each year.
In general these data show that Annex I GHG emissions decreased by 3.9 % from 1990 to 2007. However, if we consider the two groups composing Annex I separately, GHG emissions of countries with Economies in transitions (Annex I EIT) decreased significantly, while the other countries increased their emissions by 11.2 % (See the Graph below).

Tuesday, January 5, 2010

It is only a matter of percentage...

The 17% GHGs reduction target by 2020 comparing to 2005 level, defined in the House bill, has been proposed by President Barack Obama before and during the COP 15 in Copenhagen. This goal has been criticized because, comparing to 1990 levels, it would allow only a reduction of 4% by 2020. In addition, using the European target of 20% as benchmark, minus 4% is not an ambitious target.
However, according to the World Resource Institute (WRI) this position is counteracted by the fact that an important share of emission reductions will be achieve through additional measures and actions proposed in both the Senate (S. 1733) and the House (H.R. 2454) bill. In particular, additional reductions will be provided by regulating some uncapped sources and through payments for avoided deforestation and technology transfer to developing countries.