Even if major countries complied with the deadline of January 31, the emission reduction targets submitted to the UNFCCC have not changed compared to the level proposed during the COP-15 in December.
But are these efforts enough to reach the emission reduction requested by science?
According to "Climate Action Tracker" , an assessment tool developed by Ecofys, Climate Analytics and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), the reduction targets of all countries currently associated with the Copenhagen Accord are not consistent with the 2°C goal. Through this tool, they provide an evaluation on countries emission reduction proposals in wich targets are ranked in a scale: green = the commitment is sufficient, yellow = medium commitment and red = inadequate commitment.
Among major emitters, Norway, Japan and Brazil are at the high end of the scale, in the "medium" range are developing countries such as India and Indonesia, while the pledges of China, United States and Russia are considered "inadequate" .
The current European target of 20% reduction is rated "inadequate", however, the adoption of the 30% reduction target would move the EU into the "medium" range and very close to "sufficient".
According to these data, the targets currently submitted leave the earth’s average temperature over 3°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100.
On this issue see also: Two good news from Copenhagen? by Carraro C. and Massetti E.