Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Side events

Models&Results, Results&Models. During the first two presentations in the side event Comparison of model analyses on mitigation efforts among developed countries it has been emphasized:
- The importance of comparability as a key variable for the post-Kyoto architecture
- The need of indicators in order to assist countries in (i) knowing each other circumstances and (ii) making decisions on comparability.
After, a comparison of 8 multi-region and multi-sector energy-engineering model stressed that mitigation potential and costs vary widely depending on different settings of: socio economic assumptions, services demands assumptions, future energy price, discount rate and mitigation options rate of technology.
Preliminary results showed a wide range on emissions reduction potential for the countries analysed. This left the Parties in the room in a confused state asking: what this so huge range of results would suggest to policymakers?
Even if during the third and fourth presentations some interesting findings emerged:
- Japan has the lowest mitigation potential while Mexico the highest
- mitigation potential increases over time
- greater potentials exist in electricity sector than in transportation
- depending on the applied cost concept total societal mitigation costs might be rather low
…the atmosphere continued to be puzzled… how these results, based on different assumptions, can be useful during the negotiation process? Not a clear answer emerged.

This is one of the paper presented during the side event: Clapp Christa, Katia Karousakis, Barbara Buchner and Jean Chateau (2009)."National and Sectoral GHG Mitigation Potential: a comparison across models." OECD/IEA, November 2009.
Global needs local. During the side events Local Government Climate Roadmap ICLEI (Local Governments for sustainability), the Barcelona Provincial Council and other local institutions supported the idea that without a strong involvement of the local government planet cannot be saved.
In particular the Barcelona Provincial Council illustrated its project to address a local sustainable pathways. At this purpose they plan to allocate 3000 mln euros in renewables and efficiency energy following three goals:
- reducing GHG emissions of 200,000 tons of CO2 per year;
- financing projects with 500 mln euros, shared in 350 in Photovoltaic installations and 150 in energy efficiency activities;
- creating permanent jobs.

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